Electromagnetism is the scientific study of the relationship between electricity and magnetism. It is a fundamental aspect of the physical world and plays a crucial role in many phenomena, including the behavior of electric charges, the forces exerted between them, and the electromagnetic radiation emitted by charged particles.

Electromagnetism is based on the idea that electric charges can create magnetic fields, and magnetic fields can create electric currents. The strength of these interactions is governed by the laws of electromagnetism, which are described by the theory of electromagnetism.

One of the key principles of electromagnetism is the concept of the electromagnetic force, which is the force exerted by an electric charge on other charges in its presence. This force can be attractive (pulling the charges together) or repulsive (pushing the charges apart) depending on the nature of the charges.

Electromagnetism is a fundamental part of many technologies and devices, including generators, motors, transformers, and electronic devices such as cellphones and computers. It is also important in the study of the behavior of light and other electromagnetic radiation, as well as in the study of the behavior of subatomic particles.

Basic correlation between electricity and magnetism 

At the most basic level, electricity and magnetism are related because moving electrically charged particles, such as electrons, produce a magnetic field. Conversely, a changing magnetic field can produce an electric current. This relationship is described by Faraday's law of induction, which states that a changing magnetic field can induce an electric current in a conductor.

This relationship between electricity and magnetism is also fundamental to the operation of many common devices, such as generators and transformers. In a generator, mechanical energy is used to spin a coil of wire within a magnetic field, which produces an electric current. In a transformer, an alternating current in one coil of wire (the primary coil) produces a changing magnetic field, which in turn induces an alternating current in a second coil of wire (the secondary coil).

Overall, the relationship between electricity and magnetism is complex and multifaceted, but it is an essential part of the way the world works and underlies many of the technologies that we rely on in our daily lives

Explore PhET simulation to understand Faradays law and Magnetic fields

Click on the following link for the mobile simulation :

Make your own Simple Galvanometer, Simple electromagnet, Simple generator and DC Motor

Simple Galvanometer

Simple Electromagnet

Simple DC motor

Simple generator